Structural Optimization of Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitors for Treating Solid Tumors
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Small-molecule fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitors have emerged as a promising antitumor therapy. Herein, by further optimizing the lead compound 1 under the guidance of molecular docking, we obtained a series of novel covalent FGFR inhibitors. After careful structure-activity relationship analysis, several compounds were identified to exhibit strong FGFR inhibitory activity and relatively better physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties compared with those of 1. Among them, 2e potently and selectively inhibited the kinase activity of FGFR1-3 wildtype and high-incidence FGFR2-N549H/K-resistant mutant kinase. Furthermore, it suppressed cellular FGFR signaling, exhibiting considerable antiproliferative activity in FGFR-aberrant cancer cell lines. In addition, the oral administration of 2e in the FGFR1-amplified H1581, FGFR2-amplified NCI-H716, and SNU-16 tumor xenograft models demonstrated potent antitumor efficacy, inducing tumor stasis or even tumor regression.