Inhibitory Effect of a Late Sodium Current Blocker, NCC-3902, on the Automaticity of the Guinea Pig Pulmonary Vein Myocardium
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 45(11), 1644–1652
The effect of blocking the persistent component of the sodium channel current (late INa) on the automatic activity of the isolated guinea pig pulmonary vein myocardium was examined. NCC-3902 blocked late INa, but did not affect other major ion channel currents stably expressed in cell lines. In isolated pulmonary vein cardiomyocytes, NCC-3902 blocked the late INa induced by a ramp depolarizing voltage clamp pulse similar to that of the pacemaker depolarization observed in the pulmonary vein myocardium. In isolated pulmonary vein tissue, NCC-3902 decreased the frequency of automatic firing of the myocardium through a reduction of the pacemaker depolarization slope. In isolated pulmonary vein cardiomyocytes, NCC-3902 significantly reduced the firing frequency of Ca2+ transients, but had no effect on Ca2+ sparks. NCC-3902 affected neither the spontaneous beating rate of the right atrium nor the contractile force of the ventricular myocardium. Selective blockers of late INa like NCC-3902, which inhibit the automatic activity of the pulmonary vein myocardium, appear to be promising as drugs for the pharmacological treatment of atrial fibrillation.