Discovery of a Novel Bifunctional Steroid Analog, YXG-158, as an Androgen Receptor Degrader and CYP17A1 Inhibitor for the Treatment of Enzalutamide-Resistant Prostate Cancer
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
The androgen/androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway plays an important role in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Bifunctional agents that simultaneously degrade AR and inhibit androgen synthesis are expected to block the androgen/AR signaling pathway more thoroughly, demonstrating the promising therapeutic potential for CRPC, even enzalutamide-resistant CRPC. Herein, a series of steroid analogs were designed, synthesized, and identified as selective AR degraders, among which YXG-158 (23-h) was the most potent antitumor compound with dual functions of AR degradation and CYP17A1 inhibition. In addition, 23-h abrogated the hERG inhibition and exhibited excellent PK profiles. In vivo, 23-h effectively inhibited the growth of hormone-sensitive organs in the Hershberger assay and exhibited robust antitumor efficacy both in enzalutamide-sensitive (LNCaP/AR) and enzalutamide-resistant (C4-2b-ENZ) xenograft models. Thus, 23-h was chosen as a preclinical candidate for the treatment of enzalutamide-resistant prostate cancer.