Development of ProTx-II Analogues as Highly Selective Peptide Blockers of Nav 1.7 for the Treatment of Pain


Journal of Medicinal Chemistry


Adams, G. L., Pall, P. S., Grauer, S. M., Zhou, X., Ballard, J. E., Vavrek, M., Kraus, R. L., Morissette, P., Li, N., Colarusso, S., Bianchi, E., Palani, A., Klein, R., John, C. T., Wang, D., Tudor, M., Nolting, A. F., Biba, M., Nowak, T., … Tellers, D. M



Inhibitor cystine knot peptides, derived from venom, have evolved to block ion channel function but are often toxic when dosed at pharmacologically relevant levels in vivo. The article describes the design of analogues of ProTx-II that safely display systemic in vivo blocking of Nav1.7, resulting in a latency of response to thermal stimuli in rodents. The new designs achieve a better in vivo profile by improving ion channel selectivity and limiting the ability of the peptides to cause mast cell degranulation. The design rationale, structural modeling, in vitro profiles, and rat tail flick outcomes are disclosed and discussed

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