Evaluation of Some Safety Parameters of Dual Histamine H3 and Sigma-2 Receptor Ligands with Anti-Obesity Potential
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 24, no. 8
Many studies have shown the high efficacy of histamine H3 receptor ligands in preventing weight gain. In addition to evaluating the efficacy of future drug candidates, it is very important to assess their safety profile, which is established through numerous tests and preclinical studies. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the safety of histamine H3/sigma-2 receptor ligands by assessing their effects on locomotor activity and motor coordination, as well as on the cardiac function, blood pressure, and plasma activity of certain cellular enzymes. The ligands tested at a dose of 10 mg/kg b.w. did not cause changes in locomotor activity (except for KSK-74) and did not affect motor coordination. Significant reductions in blood pressure were observed after the administration of compounds KSK-63, KSK-73, and KSK-74, which seems logically related to the increased effect of histamine. Although the results of in vitro studies suggest that the tested ligands can block the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) potassium channels, they did not affect cardiac parameters in vivo. It should be noted that repeated administration of the tested compounds prevented an increase in the activity of alanine aminotransferase (AlaT) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidases (gGT) observed in the control animals fed a palatable diet. The obtained results show that the ligands selected for this research are not only effective in preventing weight gain but also demonstrate safety in relation to the evaluated parameters, allowing the compounds to proceed to the next stages of research.
Keywords: Q4 2023