Design, Synthesis, and Anti-Inflammatory Evaluation of a Novel PPARδ Agonist with a 4-(1-Pyrrolidinyl)piperidine Structure
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) is considered to be a pharmaceutical target to treat metabolic diseases including atherosclerosis, but there is no PPARδ agonist available for clinical use. We have previously reported the discovery of piperidinyl/piperazinyl benzothiazole derivatives as a new series of PPARδ agonists using docking-based virtual screening methods. In the present study, we found that introduction of a pyrrolidine group into the 4-position of their central piperidine rings enhances hPPARδ activity and subtype selectivity. This led to the discovery of 21 having strong PPARδ agonist activity (EC50 = 3.6 nM) with excellent ADME properties. Furthermore, 21 significantly suppressed atherosclerosis progression by 50-60% with reduction of the serum level of MCP-1 in LDLr-KO mice.