Discovery and Evaluation of Novel Angular Fused Pyridoquinazolinonecarboxamides as RNA Polymerase i Inhibitors
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RNA polymerase I (Pol I) transcribes ribosomal DNA (rDNA) into the 47S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) precursor. Further processing produces the 28S, 5.8S, and 18S rRNAs that are assembled into mature ribosomes. Many cancers exhibit higher Pol I transcriptional activity, reflecting a need for increased ribosome biogenesis and protein synthesis and making the inhibition of this process an attractive therapeutic strategy. Lead molecule BMH-21 (1) has been established as a Pol I inhibitor by affecting the destruction of RPA194, the Pol I large catalytic subunit. A previous structure-activity relationship (SAR) study uncovered key pharmacophores, but activity was constrained within a tight chemical space. This work details further SAR efforts that have yielded new scaffolds and improved off-target activity while retaining the desired RPA194 degradation potency. Pharmacokinetic profiling was obtained and provides a starting point for further optimization. New compounds present additional opportunities for the development of Pol I inhibitory cancer therapies.