Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of tetrahydronaphthyridine derivatives as bioavailable CDK4/6 inhibitors for cancer therapy
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CDK4/6 pathway is an attractive chemotherapeutic target for antitumor drug discovery and development. Herein, we reported the structure-based design and synthesis of a series of novel tetrahydronaphthyridine analogues as selective CDK4/6 inhibitors. Compound 5 was identified as a hit and then systematically structure optimization study was conducted. These efforts led to compound 28, which exhibited excellent in vitro potencies against CDK4/6 enzymatic activity with high selectivity over CDK1, and against Colo-205 cell growth. The compound demonstrated favorable in vitro metabolic and robust mice pharmacokineticproperties. In Colo-205 xenograft models, compound 28 showed potent tumor growth inhibition with acceptable toxic effects, which could serve as a novel anticancer agent for further preclinical study.