GI-530159, a novel, selective, mechanosensitive two-pore-domain potassium (K2P ) channel opener, reduces rat dorsal root ganglion neuron excitability
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Background and Purpose
TREK two‐pore‐domain potassium (K2P) channels play a critical role in regulating the excitability of somatosensory nociceptive neurons and are important mediators of pain perception. An understanding of the roles of TREK channels in pain perception and, indeed, in other pathophysiological conditions, has been severely hampered by the lack of potent and/or selective activators and inhibitors. In this study, we describe a new, selective opener of TREK channels, GI‐530159.
The effect of GI‐530159 on TREK channels was demonstrated using 86Rb efflux assays, whole‐cell and single‐channel patch‐clamp recordings from recombinant TREK channels. The expression of K2P2.1 (TREK1), K2P10.1 (TREK2) and K2P4.1 (TRAAK) channels was determined using transcriptome analysis from single dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells. Current‐clamp recordings from cultured rat DRG neurons were used to measure the effect of GI‐530159 on neuronal excitability.
For recombinant human TREK1 channels, GI‐530159 had similar low EC50 values in Rb efflux experiments and electrophysiological recordings. It activated TREK2 channels, but it had no detectable action on TRAAK channels nor any significant effect on other K channels tested. Current‐clamp recordings from cultured rat DRG neurones showed that application of GI‐530159 at 1 μM resulted in a significant reduction in firing frequency and a small hyperpolarization of resting membrane potential.
Conclusions and Implications
This study provides pharmacological evidence for the presence of mechanosensitive TREK K2P channels in sensory neurones and suggests that development of selective K2P channel openers like GI‐530159 could aid in the development of novel analgesic agents.